Science: Western or What?
Pp. 52-58 (7)
Julio A. Gonzalo
Modern science is characterized by an impressive capability to describe in
quantitative terms an enormous variety of natural facts. If the world had not been made
rationally, scientific knowledge would be impossible. P. Duhem in his “Le systeme du
monde…” Vol.II, summarizes the role of the Medieval Catholic Church in destroying
the pagan doctrine of the “Great Year” which implies an eternal universe. Unlike in the
pagan Greek cosmos, all bodies, heavenly and terrestrial, were now on the same footing.
This made eventually possible to think that the slow fall of the Moon in his orbit and the
fall of an apple on earth could be governed by the same gravitational law.
Modern science, quantitative description, natural facts, rational,
scientific knowledge, Pierre Duhem, doctrine of the “Great Year”, heavenly and
terrestrial bodies on the same footing, gravitation.
Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad San Pablo CEU, Madrid