Hawking and the Universe
Pp. 33-40 (8)
Manuel M. Carreira S.J.
First, the limits of Science, Philosophy and Theology, and the proper
methodologies of each field of knowledge must he recalled in order to speak
meaningfully of material reality, living or non-living. The existence of infinite universes
as the theoretical reason why Einstein’s cosmological constant is so close to zero is
impossible to verify for those other universes. Eddington, Dicke, Carter, Barrow,
Wheeler and Hawking himself have underlined the need for most precise values of the
different cosmic parameters (Anthropic Principle). Finality is a metaphysical problem
when we speak of the Universe and to deny it leaves us with an absurd. We should
admit that there is no scientific answer as yet for any of the important questions posed
by biology. “The Emperor’s New Mind” of artificial intelligence is a fraud, as pointed
out by Penrose. In “The Great Design”, their authors present the multiplicity of
undetectable universes (than appear out of “nothing”) as the explanation of the fact that
the one we detect is suitable for life. No Science can predict what I will do next minute.
Neither can it predict the free activity of the Creator who holds the Universe in
Science, philosophy, theology, Einstein, Eddington, Dicke, Carter,
Barrow, Wheeler, Hawking, Penrose, “The Grand Design”, multiple universes,
the Creator’s free activity.
Universidad Pontificia de Comillas, Madrid