Everything Coming Out of Nothing vs. A Finite, Open and Contingent Universe

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Stephen Hawking, present occupant of the Lucasian Chair at Cambridge University, is today one of the best known theoretical cosmologists in the world. His important contributions, in collaboration ...
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Hawking on "The Grand Design", 2010

Pp. 26-32 (7)

Julio A. Gonzalo


After pointing out that Einstein’s dream to discover the grand design of the universe was unrealistic, Hawkings and Mlodinov say that a few key developments (Mtheory, COBE satellite’s data, WMAP satellite’s data) enabled physicists to achieve that dream. They conclude that God is not necessary because the universe is self-sufficient. The classical objections against God existence were known already to Greeks, Romans and Jews in Alexandria and had been rigorously reformulated already in the 13th century, Relevant quotes of St. Thomas Aquinus, Chesterton and S.L. Jaki are brought forward. It is the strongest mark of the divinity of man that he talks of this world a “strange world” though he has seen no other.


Einstein, grand design of the universe, M-theory, COBE, WMAP, God’s existence, St. Thomas Aquinus, Chesterton, Jaki, the infinite eccentricity of existence.


Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad San Pablo CEU, Madrid