NMR Spectroscopy of Paramagnetic Heme Proteins

Author(s): Kara L. Bren

Journal Name: Current Inorganic Chemistry (Discontinued)

Volume 2 , Issue 3 , 2012

Abstract:

Heme-binding proteins play a variety of critical roles in biology. The functional versatility of this prosthetic group is attributed to the influence of the polypeptide on the electronic structure and thus reactivity of the heme. NMR spectroscopy is well suited to simultaneously probe molecular structure, dynamics, and electronic structure of heme proteins in paramagnetic states. In this review, an overview of recent advances in the heme protein field enabled by NMR spectroscopy is presented, with a focus on paramagnetic heme proteins. Examples of NMR studies of cytochromes c, globins, nitrophorins, cytochrome P450, hemophores, and heme oxygenases are discussed. Heme protein biochemistry and NMR methodology have seen significant advances in the past decade, and it is expected that NMR will continue to play a central role in our developing understanding of heme protein structure, dynamics, and function.

Keywords: Hyperfine shift, nuclear relaxation, electronic structure, structure-function relationship

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Article Details

VOLUME: 2
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2012
Page: [273 - 291]
Pages: 19
DOI: 10.2174/1877944111202030273
Price: $58

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