Perioperative Anaesthesiologic Management During Kidney Transplantation
Pp. 85-97 (13)
Jessica Giuseppina Maugeri,
Mirko Tindaro Sidoti,
Acute kidney injury in the critically ill patient represents a serious danger for the patients’
survival, and is probably one of the most challenging fields for ICU physicians, as renal physiology is
very well known and different drugs and molecules are available to try to perform an effective
The main goals to achieve before any pharmacological attempt for nephroprotection are represented by
fluid balance optimization and by hemodynamic sustain, which, together with the internal renal
hemodynamic and oxygen imbalance of nephrons and tubules, represent the target of any available or
potential nephroprotective strategy: most of the studies support many different nephroprotective drugs,
including dopamine, dopexamine, N-Acetyl-Cisteine (NAC), prostaglandins and fenoldopam.
This chapter is devoted to the analysis of all potential nephroprotective strategies, focusing on the
different phases in the field of kidney transplantation.
Kidney Transplantation, Anaesthesiology, Fenoldopam, N-Acetyl-Cisteine, Nephroprotection,
Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury, Deceased Donor, Brain Death, Living Donor, Delayed Graft Function.