Photonic Bandgap Structures Novel Technological Platforms for Physical, Chemical and Biological Sensing

Indexed in: EBSCO, Book Citation Index, Science Edition.

This E-Book covers the research and the development of a novel generation of photonic devices for sensing applications. The E-Book starts with a brief review of basic photonic crystal (PhC) structure ...
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Photonic Crystal Technologies: From Theories to Practice

Pp. 49-83 (35)

Dennis W. Prather, Shouyuan Shi, Ahmed Sharkawy, Janusz Murakowski and Garrett J. Schneider

Abstract

Photonic Crystals (PhCs) provide significant capabilities in terms of emission control, localization, guiding, dense integration, high-speed operation, and the ability to engineer the dispersion properties of a given material. As a result, they have led the way towards true miniaturization of nanophotonic circuits, and hold the key to achieving the long-sought goal of large-scale integrated photonic systems on a chip, including integrated photonic chemical/biological sensor devices. In this chapter, we present brief discussion and summary of major achievements in theory, applications and fabrication of photonic crystals. We present applications relying on engineering the confinement properties as well as the dispersive properties and present some of the fabrication techniques for both planar and three-dimensional photonic crystal structures.

Keywords:

Photonic crystals, photonic crystals fabrication, photonic crystals engineering.

Affiliation:

Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Delaware, 140 Evans Hall, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA