The Secondary Impediments to Space Tourism Industrial Development
Pp. 121-148 (28)
Dirk C. Gibson
The secondary impediments to commercial space tourism were discussed in this
chapter. Insurance for risky activities like space tourism was a significant issue. Insurance
of various types was both required and costly. It was also difficult to obtain and thus a
potential barrier to space tourism. The second secondary impediment involved standards.
There were several types and a number of potential problems, such as who should set
them? Risk perception was the third secondary impediment. The significance of risk
perception was established, as risk perceptions inhibited space tourism and deterred
investors. The lack of government support was another secondary barrier to space tourism.
Governments did not support space tourism: instead, they sometimes obstructed space
tourism. Inadequate public awareness about space tourism opportunities was noted. Public
awareness was necessary: limited public awareness of space tourism was an impediment to
space tourism demand and insufficient investor awareness inhibited investment. There was
a prevalent perception that governments dominated space. In fact, governments have
dominated space and there was a government attitude to control space. The popular public
perception was that space belongs to government. The space tourism market remained
unproven, another secondary impediment. It was thought that there was significant market
potential. Stakeholder conflict was the eighth secondary impediment. There were basic
questions, such as should space be developed? Other stakeholder conflicts involved ethics,
space law, the environment, priorities, access, politics, intra-organizational conflict and
cultural conflict. The final two secondary impediments were the supply/demand catch 22
and the NIMBY phenomenon.
Brand, brand awareness, cultural conflict, International Space
Society, liability, liability insurance, maximum probable loss, National Space
Society, NIMBY, Office of Commercial Space Transportation, politics, priorities,
risk perception, stakeholder, United Nations Outer Space Treaty, Soyuz,
Spaceport America, space ethics, Suborbital Institute, supply and demand.
University of New Mexico Member of National Space Society Department of Communication & Journalism USA