Bicyclic oxazines are attractive compounds and valuable synthetic intermediates as they can be easily obtained by hetero
Diels-Alder reactions between cyclic dienes and nitroso dienophiles. In particular, the more strained case (i.e. the [2.2.1]-cycloadduct)
represents an interesting powerful combination of stability and reactivity as it can be transformed into highly densely functionalized
cyclopentene derivatives by a variety of ring-opening reactions. Aim of this article is to summarize the methods used by various chemists
for opening of bicyclic oxazines by the formation of a new carbon-carbon bond, to give highly substituted ring systems containing
multiple stereocenters. Particular emphasis will be given to regio- and stereoselective procedures, including the most recent developments
on less strained [2.2.2]-cycloadduct.
Keywords: Bicyclic oxazines, hetero Diels-Alder cycloadducts, acylnitroso cycloadducts, metal catalyzed ring opening, copper, rhodium, Grignard reagents, organoboronic derivatives, stereoselective synthesis, allylation, cross metathesis.
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