Lanthanide-Doped Inorganic Nanocrystals as Luminescent Biolabels

Author(s): Qiang Ju, Datao Tu, Yongsheng Liu, Haomiao Zhu, Xueyuan Chen

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Accelerated Technologies for Biotechnology, Bioassays, Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products Research

Volume 15 , Issue 7 , 2012

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Trivalent lanthanide ions (Ln3+) doped inorganic nanocrystals (NCs) have currently attracted reviving interest and come to the forefront in nanophotonics owing to their potential applications in diverse fields such as luminescent biodetection and bioimaging. As an alternative to conventional biolabels, Ln3+-doped NCs show superior features including large stokes shift, multicolor fine-tuning, narrow emission band widths, high photostability, and low toxicity. Particularly, the long-lived luminescence and distinct upconversion (UC) of Ln3+-doped NCs are desirable for various bioapplications. The long-lived luminescence of Ln3+ combined with time-resolved technique can efficiently suppress the interference from short-lived background, resulting in a high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) and background-free measurements. Near-infrared excited UC emissions of Ln3+ can bring no autofluorescence and no photodamage to cells or tissues, and thus UC NCs have been regarded as one of the most useful in vivo optical contrast agents. In this review, we outline the most recent development of Ln3+-doped NCs as biolabels from the controlled synthesis and surface functionalization of NCs to their bioapplications in heterogeneous and homogeneous biodetection as well as in vitro and in vivo bioimaging.

Keywords: Biodetection, bioimaging, biolabels, lanthanide, nanocrystals, luminescent biodetection, upconversion (UC), signal-to-noise ratio, bioimaging, autofluorescence

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Article Details

Year: 2012
Published on: 01 July, 2012
Page: [580 - 594]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/138620712801619177
Price: $65

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