ONLINE MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION:
An online submission and tracking service via Internet facilitates a speedy and cost-effective submission of manuscripts. The full manuscript has to be submitted online via Bentham's Content Management System (CMS) at bsp-cms.eurekaselect.com / View Submission Instructions. Alternatively, you may submit the full paper to email@example.com
Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The principal/corresponding author will be required to submit a Copyright Letter along with the manuscript, on behalf of all the co-authors (if any) to confirm that the manuscript (or any part of it) has not been published previously or is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Furthermore, any illustration, structure or table that has been published elsewhere must be reported, and copyright permission for reproduction must be obtained. The figures from patent documents are freely available on the databases and may not require any permission unless stated otherwise.
For all online submissions, please provide soft copies of all the materials (main text in MS Word or Tex/LaTeX), figures/illustrations in TIFF, PDF or JPEG, and chemical structures drawn in ChemDraw (CDX)/ISISDraw (TGF) as separate files, while a PDF version of the entire manuscript must also be included, embedded with all the figures/illustrations/tables/chemical structures etc. It is advisable that the document files related to a manuscript submission should always have the name of the corresponding author as part of the file name, i.e., “Cilli MS text.doc”, “Cilli MS Figure 1” etc.
It is imperative that before submission, the author(s) should carefully proofread the files for special characters, mathematical symbols, Greek letters, equations, tables, references and images to ensure that they appear in proper format.
References, figures, tables, chemical structures etc. should be referred to in the text at the appropriate places where they have been first discussed. Figure legends/captions should also be provided.
A successful electronic submission of the manuscript will be confirmed by a system-generated email acknowledgement to the principal/corresponding author immediately. Any queries therein should be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org
The editorial policies of Bentham Science Publishers on publication ethics, peer-review, plagiarism, copyrights/ licenses, errata/corrections, and article retraction/ withdrawal can be viewed at Editorial Policy
It is mandatory that a signed copyright letter should also be submitted along with the manuscript by the author to whom correspondence is to be addressed, delineating the scope of the submitted article declaring the potential competing interests, acknowledging contributions from authors and funding agencies, and certifying that the paper is prepared according to the 'Instructions for Authors'. All inconsistencies in the text and in the reference section and any typographical errors must be carefully checked and corrected before the submission of the manuscript. The article must not contain any such material or information that may be unlawful, defamatory, fabricated, plagiarized, or which would, if published, in any way whatsoever, violate the terms and conditions as laid down in the copyright agreement. The authors acknowledge that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the authors for any such violation of the terms and conditions as laid down in the copyright agreement. Download the Copyright letter
The journal publishes peer-reviewed mini- and full-length review and research articles written in English. Thematic Issues edited by invited Guest Editors are also considered for publication.
For the submission of research articles, the author should have already filed a patent with a leading patent authority and it should be registered. Secondly, the author should not have published any research paper on the intellectual property of that patent.
Single Topic Issues:
These special issues are peer-reviewed and may contain invited or uninvited review/mini-review articles or a mixture of research articles, and reviews/ mini-reviews. A Single Topic Issue Editor will offer a short perspective and co-ordinate the solicitation of manuscripts between 3-5 (for a mini-thematic issue) to 6-10 (for fulllength thematic issue) from leading scientists. Authors interested in editing a single topic issue in an emerging field of outstanding developments in mechanical engineering may submit their proposal to the Editor-in-Chief at email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org for consideration.
A separate section of important and recent patents on mechanical engineering is also included in the journal. The patents annotated in this section are relevant to the articles published in this journal issue, categorized by different analytical methods, designs, manufacturing and analysis of automobiles, aircrafts, manufacturing plants, industrial instruments, machines, heating and cooling systems and processes involved and related to mechanical engineering.
SECTIONS IN MANUSCRIPTS:
Manuscripts submitted for research and review articles in the journal should be divided into the following sections:
The title of the article should be precise and brief and must not be more than 120 characters. Authors should avoid the use of non-standard abbreviations. The first letter of each word should be in capital letters except for articles, conjunctions and prepositions.
2. Short Running Title:
Authors must provide a short ‘running title’ of their manuscript.
3. Authors’ Names and Affiliations
The names of the authors should be provided according to the previous citations or as the authors would want them to be published along with the institutional affiliations, current address, telephone, cell & fax numbers and the email address. Email address must be provided with an asterisk in front of the name of the principal author. The corresponding author should also be designated and the full address, telephone, cell & fax numbers and the email address must be stated to receive correspondence and galley proofs.
4. Structured Abstract:
The abstract of an article should be its clear, concise and accurate summary, having no more than 250 words, and including the explicit sub-headings (as in-line or run-in headings in bold) and must include information regarding patents. Use of abbreviations should be avoided and the references should not be cited in the abstract. Ideally, each abstract should include the following sub-headings, but these may vary according to requirements of the article.
5. Graphical Abstract:
A graphic should be included when possible with each manuscript for use in the Table of Contents (TOC). This must be submitted separately as an electronic file (preferred file types are EPS, PDF, TIFF, Microsoft Word, PowerPoint and CDX etc.). A graphical abstract, not exceeding 30 words along with the illustration, helps to summarize the contents of the manuscript in a concise pictorial form. It is meant as an aid for the rapid viewing of the journals' contents and to help capture the readers’ attention. The graphical abstract may feature a key structure, reaction, equation, etc. that the manuscript elucidates upon. It will be listed along with the manuscript title, authors’ names and affiliations in the contents page, typeset within an area of 5cm by 17cm, but it will not appear in the article's PDF file or in print.
Graphical Abstracts should be submitted as a separate file (must clearly mention graphical abstract within the file) online via Bentham's Content Management System by selecting the option "Supplementary material".
6 to 8 keywords must be provided.
7. Text Organization:
The main text should begin on a separate page and should be divided into title page, abstract and the main text. The text may be subdivided further according to the areas to be discussed, which should be followed by the Acknowledgements and Reference sections. The Review Article should mention any previous important, recent and old reviews in the field and contain a comprehensive discussion starting with the general background of the field. It should then go on to discuss the salient features of recent developments along with relevant patents. The authors should avoid presenting material which has already been published in a previous review. The authors are advised to present and discuss their observations in brief.
For Research Articles, the manuscript should begin with the title page and abstract followed by the main text, which must be structured into separate sections as Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Current & Future Developments, Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgements and References. The patent registration number and patent authority of the author's intellectual property must be cited in the article. The manuscript style must be uniform throughout the text and 10pt Times New Roman font should be used. The full term for an abbreviation should precede its first appearance in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. Italics should be used for Binomial names of organisms (Genus and Species) for emphasis and for unfamiliar words or phrases. Non-assimilated words from Latin or other languages should also be italicized e.g. per se, in vivo, in vitro, in situ, versus, in silico, vs., vice versa, in utero, et al., i.e. etc.
Section headings should be numbered sequentially, left aligned and have the first letter capitalized, starting with the introduction. Sub-section headings however, should be in lower-case and italicized with their initials capitalized. They should be numbered as 1.1, 1.2, etc.
The Introduction section should include the background and aims of the research in a comprehensive manner.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
This section provides details of the methodology used along with information on any previous efforts with corresponding references. Any details for further modifications and research should be included.
Repeated information should not be reported in the text of an article. A calculation section must include experimental data, facts and practical development from a theoretical perspective.
Results should be precise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, present a reproducible procedure and emphasis the importance of the article in the light of recent developments in the field. Extensive citations and discussion of published literature should be avoided.
The Results and Discussion may be presented together under one heading of “Results and Discussion”. Alternatively, they may be presented under two separate sections (“Results” section and “Discussion” Sections). Short sub- headings may be added in each section if required.
A small paragraph summarizing the contents of the article, presenting the final outcome of the research or proposing further study on the subject, may be given at the end of the article under the Conclusion section.
Patent Review Coverage:
Authors should review the most recent and important patents based on the topic covered. Coverage of novel inventions, methods, techniques and designs in all areas of mechanical engineering should be emphasized, including the significance of the reported patents.
Current & Future Developments:
The review/research article should conclude with a short section called “Current & Future Developments”. The author(s) will give their opinion on the current and future important developments on the topic discussed in their article.
Symbols and Units:
Greek symbols and special characters often undergo formatting changes and get corrupted or lost during preparation of a manuscript for publication. To ensure that all special characters used are embedded in the text, these special characters should be inserted as a symbol but should not be a result of any format styling (Symbol font face) otherwise they will be lost during the conversion to PDF/XML.
Authors are encouraged to consult reporting guidelines. These guidelines provide a set of recommendations comprising a list of items relevant to their specific research design.
Only ISO symbols, written in italic, should be used for the various parameters. All kinds of measurements should be reported only in International System of Units (SI). SI units should always be written in Roman and separated from the numerical value by a space (whatever the language).
The µ in µg or µm should be in Roman. The symbol for litre is L and that for minute is min. For temperature, please use only one of °C, °F or K in the entire manuscript. As the Angström (1Å = 10-10m) is not an SI unit, it should be replaced by the nanometre (1nm = 10-9m) or by the picometer (1pm = 10-12m): 1Å = 0.1nm = 100pm. Multiple units should be written with negative superscripts (for example, 25mgµL-1µs-1). The list of notations should appear just before the first paragraph of full text.
A list of symbols and units should be provided if used extensively throughout the text.
8. List of Abbreviations:
If abbreviations are used in the text either they should be defined in the text where first used, or a list of abbreviations can be provided.
9. Consent for Publication:
If the manuscript has an individuals’ data, such as personal detail, audio-video material etc., consent should be obtained from that individual. In case of children, consent should be obtained from the parent or the legal guardian.
All such case reports should be followed by a proper consent prior to publishing.
All individuals listed as authors must have contributed substantially to the design, performance, analysis, or reporting of the work and are required to indicate their specific contribution. Anyone (individual/company/institution) who has substantially contributed to the study for important intellectual content, or who was involved in the article’s drafting the manuscript or revising must also be acknowledged.
Guest or honorary authorship based solely on position (e.g. research supervisor, departmental head) is discouraged.
11. Conflict of Interest:
Financial contributions and any potential conflict of interest must be clearly acknowledged under the heading ‘Conflict of Interest’. Authors must list the source(s) of funding for the study. This should be done for each author.
References should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. All references must be complete and accurate. Date of access should be provided for online citations Journal names should be abbreviated according to the Index Medicus/MEDLINE. It is necessary to list all authors if the total number of authors is 6 or less, and for more than 6 authors list the first 6 authors and then use et al. The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.
References should be listed in the following Vancouver Style:
Tschegg EK, Lindtner RA, Doblhoff-Dier V, Stanzl-Tschegg SE, Holzlechner G, Castellani C, et al. Characterization methods of bone-implant-interfaces of bioresorbable and titanium implants by fracture mechanical means. J Mech Behav Biomed 2011; 4(5): 766-75.
Rao SS. The Finite Element Method in Engineering. 5th ed. Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann: Boston, MA 2011.
Van Brummelen EH, Geuzaine P. Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering. In: Blockley R, Shyy W, Eds. Fundamentals of Fluid-Structure Interaction. John Wiley & Sons. 2010: pp. 1-10.
Smith IK, Stosic N, Mujic E, Kovacevic A. Steam as the working fluid for power recovery from exhaust gases by means of screw expanders. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. London, UK, May, 2011.
Silberstein M, Crumlin E, Shao-Horn Y, Boyce M. Decoupling thermal, chemical, and mechanical strain components in thin films. Bulletin of the American Physical Society- APS March Meeting, Texas, USA (2011).
John A. Volpe National Transportation System Center. Available at: www.volpe.dot.gov (Accessed on: April 16, 2011).
Lamperski AG. Hierarchies, spikes, and hybrid systems: Physiologically inspired control problems. PhD Dissertation, California Institute of Technology, California, United States, June 2011.
As a service, the Publishers can provide each author a certain number of relevant patents to assist them in writing their article. All patent application references will be provided by the author and will be published as it is.
Patent Reference Style:
All inventors' names of the cited patents must be stated with the title, publication number and the year of publication e.g. Xin, Q., Zielke, M.R., Bartkowicz, M.D., Cattani, L.C., Gravante, S., Prochnau, T., Calash, A., Cagney, J.L. Supercharged boost-assist engine brake. US20110036088 (2011).
Citation of the patents will be according to the international convention as follows:
WO Patents: 1978-2003
- Stauffer, J.E. Timing mechanism for rotary engines. WO030636 (1996).
- Szukala, L., Koerner, S., Francis, D. Engine diagnostic via PDA. WO006945 (2003).
WO Patents: 2004 onwards
- Tamura, T. Vibration source attachment structure for vehicles. WO2011013554 (2011).
US Patent Applications: 2001 onwards
- Kobayashi, F. Engine intake control mechanism. US20010013664 (2001).
- Gefen, S., House, G. Multiple-object tracking and team identification for game strategy analysis. US20110013836 (2011).
Issued/Granted US Patents:
- Sasaki, J., Hitomi, M., Nishikawa, T., Fujimoto, H. Control system for engine with mechanical supercharger. US5090391 (1992).
- Wereley, N.M., Hiemenz, G.J., Hu, W., Wang, G., Chen, P.C.-H. Adaptive energy absorption system for a vehicle seat. US7921973 (2011).
- Pidgeon, P.N. Steering column assembly mounting mechanism. EP0458456 (1995).
- Kamata, H., Kobayashi, T., Abe, T. Construction machine. EP2287030 (2011).
Some important points to remember:
- Punctuation should be properly applied as mentioned in the examples given above.
- Superscript in the in-text citations and reference section should be avoided.
- Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the references section. The details may however appear in the footnotes.
- The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.
- Data Tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word table format.
- Each table should include a title/caption being explanatory in itself with respect to the details discussed in the table. Detailed legends may then follow.
- Table number in bold font i.e. Table 1, should follow a title. The title should be in title case. A full stop should be placed at the end of the title.
- Tables should be embedded in the text exactly according to their appropriate placement in the submitted manuscript.
- Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell are displayed as black lines.
- Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals sequentially in order of their citation in the body of the text.
- If a reference is cited in both the table and text, please insert a lettered footnote in the table to refer to the numbered reference in the text.
- Tabular data provided as additional files can be submitted as an Excel spreadsheet.
In case there is a need to present lengthy, but essential methodological details, use appendices, which can be a part of the article. An appendix must not exceed three pages (Times New Roman, 10 point fonts, 900 max. words per page). The information should be provided in a condensed form, ruling out the need of full sentences. A single appendix should be titled APPENDIX, while more than one can be titled APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, and so on.
All authors must strictly follow the guidelines below for preparing illustrations for publication in Recent Patents on Mechanical Engineering. If the figures are found to be sub-standard, then the manuscripts will be rejected and the authors offered the option of figure improvement professionally by Eureka Science. The costs for such improvement will be charged to the authors.
Illustrations should be embedded in the text file, and must be numbered consecutively in the order of their appearance. Each figure should include only a single illustration which should be cropped to minimize the amount of space occupied by the illustration.
If a figure is in separate parts, all parts of the figure must be provided in a single composite illustration file.
Photographs should be provided with a scale bar if appropriate, as well as high-resolution component files.
Line Art image type is normally an image based on lines and text. It does not contain tonal or shaded areas. The preferred file format should be TIFF or EPS, with the color mode being Monochrome 1-bit or RGB, in a resolution of 900-1200 dpi.
Halftone image type is a continuous tone photograph containing no text. It should have the preferred file format TIFF, with color mode being RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 300 dpi.
Combination image type is an image containing halftone, text or line art elements. It should have the preferred file format TIFF, with color mode being RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 500-900 dpi.
Illustrations may be submitted in the following file formats:
EPS (preferred format for diagrams)
PDF (also especially suitable for diagrams)
PNG (preferred format for photos or images)
Microsoft Word (version 5 and above; figures must be a single page)
PowerPoint (figures must be a single page)
JPEG (conversion should be done using the original file)
Bentham Science does not process figures submitted in GIF format.
For TIFF or EPS figures with considerably large file size restricting the file size in online submissions is advisable. Authors may therefore convert to JPEG format before submission as this results in significantly reduced file size and upload time, while retaining acceptable quality. JPEG is a ‘lossy’ format. However, in order to maintain acceptable image quality, it is recommended that JPEG files are saved at High or Maximum quality.
Zipit or Stuffit tools should not be used to compress files prior to submission as the resulting compression through these tools is always negligible.
Please refrain from supplying:
- Graphics embedded in word processor (spreadsheet, presentation) document.
- Optimized files optimized for screen use (like GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG) because of the low resolution.
- Files with too low a resolution.
- Graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.
Image Conversion Tools:
There are many software packages, many of them freeware or shareware, capable of converting to and from different graphics formats, including PNG.
General tools for image conversion include Graphic Converter on the Macintosh, Paint Shop Pro, for Windows, and ImageMagick, available on Macintosh, Windows and UNIX platforms.
Bitmap images (e.g. screenshots) should not be converted to EPS as they result in a much larger file size than the equivalent JPEG, TIFF, PNG or BMP, and poor quality. EPS should only be used for images produced by vector-drawing applications such as Adobe Illustrator or CorelDraw. Most vector-drawing applications can be saved in, or exported as, EPS format. If the images were originally prepared in an Office application, such as Word or PowerPoint, original Office files should be directly uploaded to the site, instead of being converted to JPEG or another format of low quality.
- The cost for color figures/plates/illustrations is US$ 515 per article for up to 3 colour pages and subsequently US$ 205.00 per page for any additional colour pages.
- Color figures should be supplied in CMYK and not RGB colors.
Note for authors: To maintain publication quality, figures submitted in colour will be published in colour only.
15. Chemical Structures:
Chemical structures must be prepared in ChemDraw (CDX) and provided as separate file.
Structure Drawing Preferences:
[As according to the ACS style sheet]
||18% of width
||14.4 pt (0.500cm, 0.2in)
||2.0 pt (0.071cm, 0.0278in)
||0.6 pt (0.021cm, 0.0084in)
||1.6 pt (0.096cm)
||2.5 pt (0.088cm, 0.0347in)
||Times New Roman
|Under the Preference Choose:
|Under Page Setup Use:
16. Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any):
We do encourage to append supportive material, for example a PowerPoint file containing information about the study, a PowerPoint file containing additional screenshots, a MS word, RTF, or PDF document showing the original instrument(s) used, a video, or the original data (SAS/SPSS files, Excel files, Access Db files etc.) provided it is inevitable or endorsed by the journal's Editor.
Supportive/Supplementary Material intended for publication must be numbered and referred to in the manuscript but should not be a part of the submitted paper. In-text citations as well as a section with the heading "Supportive/Supplementary Material" before the "References" section should be provided. All Supportive/Supplementary Material should be listed and a brief caption line for each file describing its contents should be included.
Any additional files will be linked to the final published article in the form supplied by the author, but will not be displayed within the paper. They will be made available in exactly the same form as originally provided only on our Website. Please also make sure that each additional file is a single table, figure or movie (please do not upload linked worksheets or PDF files larger than one sheet). Supportive/Supplementary Material must be provided in a single zipped file not larger than 4 MB.
Authors must clearly indicate if these files are not for publication but meant for the reviewers'/editors' perusal only.
QUICK TRACK PUBLICATION:
For this journal, an optional fast publication fee-based service called QUICK TRACK is available to authors for their submitted manuscripts.
QUICK TRACK allows online publication within 2 weeks of receipt of the final approved galley proofs from the authors. Similarly, the manuscript can be published in the next forthcoming PRINT issue of the journal. The total publication time, from date of first receipt of manuscript to its online publication is 12 weeks, subject to its acceptance by the referees and modification (if any) by the authors within one week.
Authors who have availed QUICK TRACK services in a BSP journal will be entitled for an exclusive 30% discount if they again wish to avail the same services in any Bentham journal.
For more information, please contact the Editorial Office by e-mail at email@example.com.
Bentham Science Publishers uses the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. iThenticate software checks content against a database of periodicals, the Internet, and a comprehensive article database. It generates a similarity report, highlighting the percentage overlap between the uploaded article and the published material. Any instance of content overlap is further scrutinized for suspected plagiarism according to the publisher’s Editorial Policies. Bentham Science allows an overall similarity of 20% for a manuscript to be considered for publication. The similarity percentage is further checked keeping the following important points in view:
Low Text Similarity:
The text of every submitted manuscript is checked using the Content Tracking mode in iThenticate. The Content Tracking mode ensures that manuscripts with an overall low percentage similarity (but which may have a higher similarity from a single source) are not overlooked. The acceptable limit for similarity of text from a single source is 5%. If the similarity level is above 5%, the manuscript is returned to the author for paraphrasing the text and citing the original source of the copied material.
It is important to mention that the text taken from different sources with an overall low similarity percentage will be considered as a plagiarized content if the majority of the article is a combination of copied material.
High Text Similarity:
There may be some manuscripts with an overall low similarity percentage, but a higher percentage from a single source. A manuscript may have less than 20% overall similarity but there may be 15 % similar text taken from a single article. The similarity index in such cases is higher than the approved limit for a single source. Authors are advised to thoroughly rephrase the similar text and properly cite the original source to avoid plagiarism and copyright violation.
Types of Plagiarism:
We all know that scholarly manuscripts are written after thorough review of previously published articles. It is therefore not easy to draw a clear boundary between legitimate representation and plagiarism. However, the following important features can assist in identifying different kinds of plagiarized content. These are:
- Reproduction of others words, sentences, ideas or findings as one’s own without proper acknowledgement.
- Text recycling, also known as self-plagiarism. It is an author’s use of a previous publication in another paper without proper citation and acknowledgement of the original source.
- Paraphrasing poorly: Copying complete paragraphs and modifying a few words without changing the structure of original sentences or changing the sentence structure but not the words.
- Verbatim copying of text without putting quotation marks and not acknowledging the work of the original author.
- Properly citing a work but poorly paraphrasing the original text is considered as unintentional plagiarism. Similarly, manuscripts with language somewhere between paraphrasing and quoting are not acceptable. Authors should either paraphrase properly or quote and in both cases, cite the original source.
- Higher similarity in the abstract, introduction, materials and methods, and discussion and conclusion sections indicates that the manuscript may contain plagiarized text. Authors can easily explain these parts of the manuscript in many ways. However, technical terms and sometimes standard procedures cannot be rephrased; therefore Editors must review these sections carefully before making a decision.
Plagiarism in Published Manuscripts:
Published manuscripts which are found to contain plagiarized text are retracted from the journal website after careful investigation and approval by the Editor-in-Chief of the journal. A ‘Retraction Note’ as well as a link to the original article is published on the electronic version of the plagiarized manuscript and an addendum with retraction notification in the journal concerned.