The Impact of Various Blood Pressure Measurements on Cardiovascular Outcomes

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Constantinos Bakogiannis, Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Christodoulos Papadopoulos, Vasilios Papademetriou*.

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

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Abstract:

Hypertension is a powerful risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. High blood pressure (BP) correlates closely with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Although the gold standard still remains office BP (auscultatory or automated), other methods (central or out-of-office) are gaining popularity as better predictors of CV events. In this review, we investigated the prognostic value of each method of BP measurement and explored their advantages and pitfalls. Unattended automated office BP is a novel technique of BP measurement with promising data. Ambulatory BP monitoring, and to a lesser extent, home BP measurements, seem to better predict cardiovascular events and mortality outcomes, while at the same time, they can help distinguish hypertensive phenotypes. Data on the association of central BP levels with cardiovascular and mortality outcomes is conflicting. Future large cross-sectional and longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate head-to-head the corresponding levels and results of each method of BP measurement, as well as to highlight disparities in their prognostic utility.

Keywords: hypertension, cardiovascular risk, cardiovascular disease, 24h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, home blood pressure, central blood pressure

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1570161118666200330155905
Price: $95

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