Diabetes without Manifest Cardiovascular Disease: A Novel Approach in Risk Stratification and Treatment Selection

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Author(s): Emile Andari, Samir Arnaout, Sami T Azar*, Samir Arnaout, Elie Chammas, Selim Jambart, Mounzer Saleh, Rita Nemr, Antoine Sarkis.

Journal Name: Current Diabetes Reviews

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Abstract:

Background: cardiovascular disease (CVD), the main macro vascular complication of type 2 diabetes (T2D), increases the risk of death significantly in patients with T2D.

Introduction: most of the patients with T2D do not have obvious CVD symptoms. Due to the paucity of data, CVD screening in asymptomatic patients with T2D remains highly controversial.

Methods: this has driven a panel of experts to establish a novel consensus on how to approach patients with T2D at high CVD risk. The panel formulated a stepwise algorithm by which patients with T2D undergo initial risk stratification into low, intermediate and high risk using the ASCVD calculator. In patients with intermediate risk, coronary artery calcium measurement is used to further stratify those patients into new low and high-risk categories.

Results and Conclusion: the panel recommends using standard diabetes care in low risk patients and using SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP1 agonists with cardio protective effect, on top of standard care, in high risk individuals.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, risk stratification, SGLT2 inhibitors, GLP1 agonists, macrovascular complications.

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573399816666200120122929
Price: $95

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