Background: cardiovascular disease (CVD), the main macro vascular complication of type 2
diabetes (T2D), increases the risk of death significantly in patients with T2D.
Introduction: most of the patients with T2D do not have obvious CVD symptoms. Due to the paucity of
data, CVD screening in asymptomatic patients with T2D remains highly controversial.
Methods: this has driven a panel of experts to establish a novel consensus on how to approach patients
with T2D at high CVD risk. The panel formulated a stepwise algorithm by which patients with T2D undergo
initial risk stratification into low, intermediate and high risk using the ASCVD calculator. In patients
with intermediate risk, coronary artery calcium measurement is used to further stratify those patients
into new low and high-risk categories.
Results and Conclusion: the panel recommends using standard diabetes care in low risk patients and
using SGLT2 inhibitors and GLP1 agonists with cardio protective effect, on top of standard care, in
high risk individuals.