Characteristics and Risk Factors Associated with Stroke Subtypes among Adult Patients Admitted to the Stroke Unit of JUMC: A Retrospective Cross-sectional Study

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Author(s): Bekalu Getachew Gebreegziabher*, Tesema Etefa Birhanu, Diriba Dereje Olana, Behailu Terefe Tesfaye.

Journal Name: Current Hypertension Reviews

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Background: Stroke is a great public health problem in Ethiopia. According to reports, in-hospital stroke mortality was estimated to be 14.7% in Ethiopia. Despite this, in this country researches done on factors associated with stroke sub-types were inadequate.

Objective: To assess the Characteristics and risk factors associated with stroke sub-types among patients admitted to JUMC.

Methods and materials: A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted from May 2017 to May 2018 in stroke unit of Jimma University Medical Center. A total of 106 medical charts of patients diagnosed with stroke were reviewed. Checklist comprising of relevant variables was used to collect data. SPSS version 21 was employed for data entry and analysis. Chi-square test was used to point-out association and difference among stroke sub-types. The data was presented using text, tables and figures.

Result: From a total of 106 patients, 67(63.2%) were men. The mean ± SD of age was 52.67±12.46 years, and no significant association was found. Of all the patients, 59(55.6%) had ischemic strokes and 47(44.4%) had hemorrhagic strokes. The most common risk factor in the patients was alcohol use with a prevalence of 69.9%. Of all the risk factors, only sex, cigarettes smoking and dyslipidemia were significantly associated to sub-types of stroke.

Conclusion: Ischemic stroke was the most common subtype of stroke. Sex of patient, cigarette smoking and dyslipidemia are significantly associated with the two stroke subtypes.

Keywords: Coagulation factors, thrombosis, thrombophilias, gene polymorphisms, hypercoagulability, fibrinolysis., Characteristics, Risk factors, Hemorrhagic stroke, Ischemic stroke

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573402115666191121120228
Price: $95

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