Background: Natural nanostructure materials have been involved in antitumor drug delivery systems due to their biocompatibility, biodegradation and bioactive properties.
Methods: These materials have contributed to advanced drug delivery systems in the roles of both bioactive compounds and delivery nanocarriers. Fucoidan, a valuable ocean material used in drug delivery systems, has been exploited in research on cancer and a variety of other diseases.
Results: Although the uniqueness, structure, properties and health benefits of fucoidan have been mentioned in various prominent reviews, current developments and designs of fucoidan-based formulations still need to be assessed to further develop an effective anticancer therapy. In this review, current important formulations using fucoidan as a functional material and as an anticancer agent will be discussed. This article will also provide a brief principle of the methods that incorporate functional nanostructure materials in formulations exploiting fucoidan.
Conclusion: Current research and future perspectives on the use of fucoidan in anticancer therapy will advance innovative and important products for clinical uses.