Type 2 Diabetes Risk Among University Students in Malaysia

Author(s): Aishairma Aris, Mohd Zulhilmy Md Khalid*, Hasnah Yahaya, Lee Onn Yoong, Ng Qiu Ying.

Journal Name: Current Diabetes Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a preventable condition. Targeting those who are at risk of getting this disease is essential.

Objective: To examine T2D risk among university students in Malaysia and determine its relationship with socio-demographic characteristics and physical activity.

Methods: The study was conducted cross-sectionally on 390 students selected using quota sampling method from 13 faculties in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. A short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Finnish Diabetes Risk Score were used to measure the physical activity and T2D risk.

Results: The T2D risk was found to be low (M = 5.23, SD = 3.32) with more than two-third of the student population at the low risk level while a significant proportion of 23.8%, 5.6% and 0.3% having slightly elevated, moderate and high risk respectively. The T2D risk was significantly related to their age (rho = 0.197, p < 0.000), gender (U = 12641, p = 0.011), ethnic group (χ2 = 18.86, p < 0.000), marital status (χ2 = 6.597, p = 0.037), residence (U = 10345, p = 0.008), academic year (χ2 = 14.24, p = 0.007) and physical activity (rho = -0.205, p < 0.000 and χ2 = 13.515, p = 0.001). Of these, only age (β=0.130) and physical activity (β=-0.159) remained significant in the regression analysis.

Conclusion: The findings call for a radical change in the nursing practice to target the amendable factors that are significant in order to prevent the progression of the risk towards type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: Diabetes risk score, physical activity, risk assessment, type 2 diabetes, IPAQ, FINDRISC.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2020
Page: [387 - 394]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573399815666190712192527
Price: $95

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