Background and goals: The role of milieu therapy on inpatient treatment has become more prominent due to the changing landscape of hospital care, with shorter length of stay, higher patient acuity, and rapid turnover. The modern inpatient unit promotes less individual psychotherapy with the psychiatrist or therapist, and more milieu and group based treatment that emphasizes acute stabilization.
Method: The authors share some of the core domains that provide the basic framework for milieu treatment within an acute care setting when working with adolescents and transitional age youth (TAY), with the aim to share clinical considerations for milieu therapy and offer practical ideas for implementation in clinical practice.
Discussion: The therapeutic milieu and collaboration of an interdisciplinary team has a significant impact on hospital treatment. Considerations for milieu therapy implementation in an inpatient unit include developmentally informed concepts related to milieu treatment of adolescents and TAY patients in a hospital setting.
Keywords: Adjuvant, antigen delivery, antigen presentation, bacteria, cancer immunotherapy, toxin, vaccination, host cells, immune responses, live attenuated bacteria, edema toxins, T cell responses, Vibrio cholerae, systemic immune responses, Child and adolescent psychiatry, adolescence, transitional age youth, inpatient, milieu treatment, milieu therapy
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