Background: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is usually accompanied by various micro
and macro vascular complications. Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is one of the major complications
of diabetes which is accountable for morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The first line of
treatment in these individuals is life style modification and exercise. There is a dearth of literature on
effect of supervised exercise program in PAD with T2DM on quality of life, walking impairment,
change in Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) values. So, we conducted a systematic review to explore the
available literature on supervised exercise program in PAD with T2DM.
Methods: We conducted a systematic review (PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL and Cochrane) to
summarise the evidence on a supervised exercise program in PAD with T2DM. Randomised and nonrandomised
studies were included in the review.
Results: Three studies met the inclusion criteria. The outcomes taken into accounts by the studies were
the quality of life, walking impairment questionnaire, Ankle brachial index. Neither of the studies
matched in their supervised exercise program nor in their outcome.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the data evaluating the supervised exercise program in PAD with T2DM is
inadequate to determine its effect on this population. Future large-scale studies can be conducted on
both subjective and objective outcomes of PAD with T2DM to have a better understanding of the condition
and for a universally acceptable exercise program for these individuals which the healthcare
practitioners can use in their practice.