Background: Ficus glomerata Roxb. is a moderate-sized avenue tree found throughout India either wild or cultivated. It is popular in indigenous system of medicine like Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy. In the traditional system of medicine bark, roots, leaves, fruits and latex of Ficus glomerata are used in dysentery, diarrhea, diabetes, bilious affections, stomachache, menorrhage, haemoptysis, carminative and astringent.
Objective: The present investigation deals with comprehensive pharmacognostical studies on roots of Ficus racemosa including morphological, macroscopical analysis, prelimilnary examination of root powder, florescence analysis.
Method: Physicochemical constants of roots of Ficus glomerata were determined which included determination of ash values, foaming index, swelling index, moisture contents, extractive values, foreign organic matter and crude fiber content as per official guidelines.
Results: Significant invitro antioxidant activity was obeserved for alcoholic root extract of Ficus glomerata. In alcoholic extract and aqueous extract, tannins and saponins were present in major amount. Other constituents were found to be carbohydrate, glycosides, phenolic compounds, gum and mucilage.
Conclusion: Ficus glomerata poseesss significant antioxidant activities.