Evaluation of Preclinical Aphrodisiac Activity of Flueggea leucopyrus Willd. Leaves

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Usnale Sharad Vasantrao*, Biyani Kailash R..

Journal Name: Current Bioactive Compounds

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Background: Flueggea leucopyrus Willd. leaf has been used since ancient time for its sex enhancing activity by traditional physicians. So, the work was chosen to authenticate the knowledge of pharmaceutical significance of the plant. Methods: The dried leaves of Flueggea leucopyrus were extracted by cold maceration method using water. Aqueous extract of Flueggea leucopyrus leaf was screened for phytochemicals and in vivo aphrodisiac activity using mating behavior, potency and morphological tests. Results: Qualitative phytochemical analysis of leaves of Flueggea leucopyrus showed the presence of alkaloids, terpenoids, unsaturated sterols, glycosides, saponins, phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, carbohydrates and protein. Results revealed that all the treated groups on the 15th, 30th and 45th day of treatment showed significant increase in Intromission Frequency, Mounting Frequency and Ejaculatory Latency significant decrease in Intromission Latency, Mounting Latency, Inter Intromission Interval and Post Ejaculatory Interval. In Test for Potency significant increase in Erections, Long Flips and Quick Flips were observed. Morphological study showed significant increase in reproductive organs weight and Sperm Count in all the experimental animals. Conclusion: The prolonged treatments for all the treated groups were highly effective to increase the sexual libidity, as compared to the solvent control. This indicates that aphrodisiac activity has been shown by water extract but it is less than the standard used for study.

Keywords: Fluggea leucopyrus Willd.leaf, Aphrodisiac activity, Test for potency, Sperm count

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573407214666181105115510
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