Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang (XCHT) Intervening Irinotecan’s Disposition: The Potential of XCHT in Alleviating Irinotecan-Induced Diarrhea

Author(s): Rongjin Sun, Sumit Basu, Min Zeng, Robin Sunsong, Li Li, Romi Ghose, Wei Wang, Zhongqiu Liu, Ming Hu*, Song Gao*.

Journal Name: Current Cancer Drug Targets

Volume 19 , Issue 7 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: Diarrhea is a severe side effect of irinotecan, a pro-drug of SN-38 used for the treatment of many types of cancers. Pre-clinical and clinical studies showed that decreasing the colonic exposure of SN-38 can mitigate irinotecan-induced diarrhea.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the anti-diarrhea potential of Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang (XCHT), a traditional Chinese herbal formula, against irinotecan-induced diarrhea by determining if and how XCHT alters the disposition of SN-38.

Methods: LC-MS/MS was used to quantify the concentrations of irinotecan and its major metabolites (i.e., SN-38, SN-38G). An Intestinal perfusion model was used to determine the effect of XCHT on the biliary and intestinal secretions of irinotecan, SN-38, and SN-38G. Pharmacokinetic (PK) studies were performed to determine the impact of XCHT on the blood and fecal concentrations of irinotecan, SN-38, and SN-38G.

Results: The results showed that XCHT significantly inhibits both biliary and intestinal excretions of irinotecan, SN-38, and SN-38G (range: 35% to 95%). PK studies revealed that the fecal concentrations of irinotecan and SN-38 were significantly decreased from 818.35 ± 120.2 to 411.74 ± 138.83 µg/g or from 423.95 ± 76.44 to 245.63 ± 56.72 µg/g (p<0.05) by XCHT, respectively, suggesting the colonic exposure of SN-38 is significantly decreased by XCHT. PK studies also showed that the plasma concentrations of irinotecan, SN-38, and SN-38G were not affected by XCHT.

Conclusion: In conclusion, XCHT significantly decreased the exposure of SN-38 in the gut without affecting its plasma level, thereby possessing the potential of alleviating irinotecan-induced diarrhea without negatively impacting its therapeutic efficacy.

Keywords: Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang, alleviating, Irinotecan, SN-38, disposition, diarrhea.

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VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2019
Page: [551 - 560]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1568009618666181029153255
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