Background: A standalone photovoltaic (PV) based system has practical constraints like
the need for energy storage devices (ESD) in order to ensure 24 hours availability of electricity and
optimized usage of available PV power. Implementation of hybrid renewable energy based system
depends upon geographical location and thus availability of a specific energy resource. Also, ESDs
are costly to maintain and thus limited optimized usage of ESD is suggested in the literature. Methods:
In this paper, a new concept of a PV system integrated with pumped storage is presented for
electrification/implementation in rural areas. Proposed system operates at maximum power point
tracking (MPPT) without de-rating the PV capacity or any need of ESD. The control philosophy is
simple, robust and ensures two modes of operation for pumped storage i.e. motoring mode and generating
mode; depending upon the PV power being generated, load demand and available water level
in lower and upper reservoir.
Result: The effectiveness of the proposed system and control architecture is verified through
MATLAB/Simulink simulation. For various modes of operation, the proposed system is able to maintain
DC bus voltage, AC 3-phase voltage, the frequency at approximately constant desired values.
Conclusion: However, to operate the PV system at night with heavy loads, additional ESD may be
required for better response and stability.
Keywords: Pumped storage, solar photovoltaic (PV), Microgrid, MPPT, High rise building, Standalone PV systePumped storage, Standalone PV system
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