Upregulation of Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 in Microglia by Cinnamic Acid

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Author(s): Sudipta Chakrabarti, Malabendu Jana, Avik Roy, Kalipada Pahan*.

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research


Neuroinflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) is an antiinflammatory molecule that suppresses cytokine signaling and inflammatory gene expression in different cells including microglia. However, pathways through which SOCS3 could be upregulated are poorly described. Cinnamic acid is a metabolite of cinnamon, a natural compound that is being widely used all over the world as a spice or flavoring agent. This study delineates the importance of cinnamic acid for the upregulation of SOCS3 in microglia. Cinnamic acid upregulated the expression of SOCS3 mRNA and protein in mouse BV-2 microglial cells in dose- and time-dependent manner. Accordingly, cinnamic acid also increased the level of SOCS3 and suppressed the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and proinflammatory cytokines (TNFα, IL-1β and IL-6) in LPS-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells. Similar to BV-2 microglial cells, cinnamic acid also increased the expression of SOCS3 in primary mouse microglia and astrocytes. Presence of cAMP response element in the promoter of socs3 gene, activation of cAMP response element binding (CREB) by cinnamic acid, abrogation of cinnamic acidmediated upregulation of SOCS3 by siRNA knockdown of CREB, and the recruitment of CREB to the socs3 gene promoter by cinnamic acid suggest that cinnamic acid increases the expression of SOCS3 by CREB. These studies suggest that cinnamic acid upregulates SOCS3 via CREB pathway, which may be of importance in neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders.

Keywords: Cinnamic acid, Glial cells, SOCS3, CREB, Neuroinflammation

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1567205015666180507104755
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