Current Organic Chemistry

Atta-ur-Rahman , FRS
Honorary Life Fellow
Kings College
University of Cambridge
Cambridge
UK

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Fast Pyrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass for the Production of Energy and Chemicals: A Critical Review

Author(s): Mai Attia, Sherif Farag, Sajjad Habibzadeh, Sepehr Hamzehlouia, Jamal Chaouki.

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Abstract:

As a consequence of the shortage of traditional resources and escalating environmental constraints, the feedstocks for the production of energy and chemicals are swiftly changing. Biomass has received remarkable attention from both academia and industries as it is the most promising feedstock for these applications. Understanding the conversion mechanisms of such renewable low-value material to value-added products would lead to providing insights to enhance the product yield and/or quality and, in turn, help the new products compete with the traditional ones. In this regard, this paper provides an updated review on the processing of biomass for the production of valuable-products that could replace a part of the fossil fuel-based energy and chemicals. The common technologies that are performed in the conversion processes are demonstrated, and the thermochemical technique is emphasized. Several chemical reactors and their processes for fast pyrolysis applications are presented. The organic chemistry of pyrolysis of a biomass plant and its three constituents (i.e., cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin) is debated. The effect of the heating mechanism, process parameters, loading of catalyst and other aspects are discussed. Eventually, the economics aspect of fast pyrolysis of biomass is evaluated.

Keywords: Fast pyrolysis, pyrolysis of biomass, biomass processing, pyrolysis technologies, pyrolysis processes, bio-products, microwave pyrolysis, techno-economic analyses.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 23
Year: 2016
Page: [2458 - 2479]
Pages: 22
DOI: 10.2174/2213337203666160525103810
Price: $58