Diagnosis and Consequences of Cocaine Addiction

Author(s): L. Karila, A. Petit, W. Lowenstein, M. Reynaud.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 19 , Issue 33 , 2012

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Abstract:

Cocaine remains the second most commonly used and trafficked illicit drug in the world after cannabis. This psychostimulant drug has become an essential part of the world drug scene with a different use among countries. Prevalence of cocaine use (lifetime, last year, last month use) is particulary high among males aged between 15 and 34 years. Five per cent of cocaine users will develop a substance- dependence during the first year of use, and 20% of these will become long-term cocaine-dependent patients. The number of patients entering drug treatment for primary cocaine use has been increasing in Europe for several years. Cocaine addiction is a worldwide public health problem, which has somatic, psychological, psychiatric, socio-economic and judicial complications. This article aims to provide the clinician with a detailed description of the clinical aspects, the adverse effects and the complications of cocaine addiction. Literature searches were conducted for the period from January 1985 to February 2012 using PubMed, EMBASE, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar.

Keywords: Cocaine, addiction, medical complications, psychiatric complications, cognitive impairments, illicit drug, cannabis, psychostimulant, Prevalence of cocaine, Cocaine addiction

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 33
Year: 2012
Page: [5612 - 5618]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/092986712803988839
Price: $58

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