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Screening of Anti-mycobacterial Phytochemical Compounds for Potential Inhibitors against Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Isocitrate Lyase


Background and Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosiswith high morbidity and mortality. Isocitrate lyase (MtbICL), a key enzyme of glyoxylate pathway has been shown to be involved in mycobacterial persistence, is attractive drug target against persistent tuberculosis.

Methods: Virtual screening, molecular docking and MD simulation study has been integrated for screening of phytochemical based anti-mycobacterial compounds. Docking study of reported MtbICL inhibitors has shown an average binding affinity score -7.30 Kcal/mol. In virtual screening, compounds exhibiting lower binding energy than calculated average binding energy were selected as top hit compounds followed by calculation of drug likeness property. Relationship between experimental IC50 value and calculated binding gibbs free energy of reported inhibitors was also calculated through regression analysis to predict IC50 value of potential inhibitors.

Results: Docking and MD simulation studies of top hit compounds have identified shinjudilactone (quassinoid), lecheronol A (pimarane) and caniojane (diterpene) as potential MtbICL inhibitors.

Conclusion: Phytochemical based anti-mycobacterial compound can further developed into effective drugs against persistence tuberculosis with lesser toxicity and side effects.

Journal Title: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Price: $58

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