Computational Intelligence and Machine Learning Approaches in Biomedical Engineering and Health Care Systems

Performance Evaluation of ML Algorithms for Disease Prediction Using DWT and EMD Techniques

Author(s): Reddy K. Viswavardhan*, B. Hemapriya, B. Roja Reddy and B.S. Premananda

Pp: 96-122 (27)

Doi: 10.2174/9781681089553122010009

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Information and communication technology usage in the healthcare sector is not perceptible due to various challenges with increased healthcare needs. With the outburst of COVID-19, when the different countries announced lockdown and social distancing rules, it is crucial to predict a person's symptoms, which will help in the early diagnosis. In such situations, there is a tremendous growth seen in the usage of various technologies, such as remote health monitoring, Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs), Machine Learning (ML), and Decision Support system (DSS). Hence, the chapter focuses on detecting diseases and associated symptoms using various ML algorithms. A total of 3073 patient data (heartbeat, snore, and body temperature) has been collected. The collected data were preprocessed to remove empty cells and zero values by replacing the mean of the cells. Later, the extracted features were used in Empirical Mode Decomposition (EWD) and Discrete Wavelet Transformation (DWT). Then, the optimized algorithms with the threshold values were identified by consulting doctors for accurate disease prediction. With the testing performance of various ML algorithms, such as Decision Tree Classifier (DTC), K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), Gradient Descent (SGD), Naive Bayes (NB), Multilayer perceptron (MLP), Support Vector Machine (SVM), and Random Forest (RF), was compared. Performance evaluation parameters are accuracy, precision, F1 score, and recall. The results showed an average of 100% accuracy with SGD and SVM with DWT, whereas EMD, SVM, and MLP outperformed the state-of-the-art algorithms with 99.83% accuracy.

Keywords: Classification, Disease prediction performance, Feature extraction, Preprocessing, Threshold, Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs).

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