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Current Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Systematic Review Article

Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Plant Derived Natural Products – A Systematic Review

Author(s): Iris E. Allijn, René P. Brinkhuis, Gert Storm and Raymond M. Schiffelers*

Volume 26 , Issue 24 , 2019

Page: [4506 - 4536] Pages: 31

DOI: 10.2174/0929867325666190523123357

Price: $65

Abstract

Traditionally, natural medicines have been administered as plant extracts, which are composed of a mixture of molecules. The individual molecular species in this mixture may or may not contribute to the overall medicinal effects and some may even oppose the beneficial activity of others. To better control therapeutic effects, studies that characterized specific molecules and describe their individual activity that have been performed over the past decades. These studies appear to underline that natural products are particularly effective as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents. In this systematic review we aimed to identify potent anti-inflammatory natural products and relate their efficacy to their chemical structure and physicochemical properties. To identify these compounds, we performed a comprehensive literature search to find those studies, in which a dose-response description and a positive control reference compound was used to benchmark the observed activity. Of the analyzed papers, 7% of initially selected studies met these requirements and were subjected to further analysis. This analysis revealed that most selected natural products indeed appeared to possess anti-inflammatory activities, in particular anti-oxidative properties. In addition, 14% of the natural products outperformed the remaining natural products in all tested assays and are attractive candidates as new anti-inflammatory agents.

Keywords: Natural products, anti-inflammatory activity, structure activity relation, physicochemical properties, biological assays, therapeutic effects.

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