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Current Organic Synthesis


ISSN (Print): 1570-1794
ISSN (Online): 1875-6271

Review Article

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in Organic Synthesis: A Review of its Recent Applications Towards Fine Chemicals

Author(s): Weigang Fan, Charlie Verrier*, Yves Queneau and Florence Popowycz*

Volume 16, Issue 4, 2019

Page: [583 - 614] Pages: 32

DOI: 10.2174/1570179416666190412164738


Background: 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) is a biomass-derived platform chemical, which can be produced from carbohydrates. In the past decades, 5- HMF has received tremendous attention because of its wide applications in the production of various value-added chemicals, materials and biofuels. The manufacture and the catalytic conversion of 5-HMF to simple industrially-important bulk chemicals have been well reviewed. However, employing 5-HMF as a building block in organic synthesis has never been summarized exclusively, despite the rapid development in this area.

Objective: The aim of this review is to bring a fresh perspective on the use of 5-HMF in organic synthesis, to the exclusion of already well documented conversion of 5-HMF towards relatively simple molecules such as 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid, 2,5-dimethylfuran and so on notably used as monomers or biofuels.

Conclusion: As it has been shown throughout this review, 5-HMF has been the object of numerous studies on its use in fine chemical synthesis. Thanks to the presence of different functional groups on this platform chemical, it proved to be an excellent starting material for the preparation of various fine chemicals. The use of this C-6 synthon in novel synthetic routes is appealing, as it allows the incorporation of renewable carbonsources into the final targets.

Keywords: 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural, synthetic platform, biomass-derived chemical, organic synthesis, value-added chemicals, multi-step synthesis, methodology.

Graphical Abstract
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