Generic placeholder image

Current Bioactive Compounds

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4072
ISSN (Online): 1875-6646

Research Article

Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical and Antioxidant Studies of Indigenous Medicinal Plant

Author(s): Uday Deokate*, Mohini Upadhye, Rohini Pujari and Digambar Ambikar

Volume 16 , Issue 1 , 2020

Page: [42 - 47] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1573407215666190401152754

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Ficus glomerata Roxb. is a moderate-sized avenue tree distributed throughout India both as wild or cultivated. It is traditionally used in various traditional systems of medicine including Ayurveda, Siddha and Homoeopathy. In these indigenous systems of medicine, different parts of the plant Ficus glomerata are commonly used for the treatment of dysentery, diarrhea, diabetes, bilious affections, stomachache, menorrhage, haemoptysis and also as a carminative and astringent.

Objectives:The current investigation deals with detail pharmacognostical studies on roots of Ficus racemosa mainly focusing the morphological, macroscopical analysis, prelimilnary examinations of root powder and florescence analysis.

Methods: Physicochemical constants of roots of Ficus glomerata were estimated as per official guidelines.

Results: Significant in vitro antioxidant activity was observed for alcoholic root extract of Ficus glomerata. The alcoholic extract and aqueous extract show the presence of tannins and saponins as major constituents. Remaining constituents were found to be carbohydrate, glycosides, phenolic compounds, gum and mucilage.

Conclusion: Ficus glomerata possess significant antioxidant activities.

Keywords: Ficus glomerata, macroscopical analysis, pharmacognosy, phytochemical investigation, traditional medicine, Scavenging.

Graphical Abstract
[1]
Rai, M.; Acharya, D.; Singh, A.; Varma, A. Positive growth responses of the medicinal plants Spilanthes calva and Withania somnifera to inoculation by Piriformospora indica in a field trial. Mycorrhiza, 2001, 11(3), 123-128.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s005720100115] [PMID: 24595431]
[2]
Khandelwal, K.R. Practical Pharmacognosy, 12th ed; Nirali Prakashan: Pune, 2004.
[3]
Li, R.W.; Myers, S.P.; Leach, D.N.; Lin, G.D.; Leach, G. A cross-cultural study: anti-inflammatory activity of Australian and Chinese plants. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2003, 85(1), 25-32.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(02)00336-7] [PMID: 12576199]
[4]
Agarwal, S.S.; Paridhavi, M. Herbal Drug Technology, 2nd ed; University Press India Ltd.: Hyderabad, 2007.
[5]
Kokate, C.K. Practical Pharmacognosy, 1st ed; Vallabh Prakashan: New Delhi, 2005.
[6]
Kokate, C.K. Pharmacognosy, 32nd ed; Nirali Prakashan: Pune, 1999.
[7]
Patil, V.V.; Pimprikar, R.B. Pharmacognostical studies and evalution of anti-inflammatory activity of Ficus bengalensis Linn. J. Young Pharmacists, 2009, 1(1), 49-53.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0975-1483.51879]
[8]
Mitra, R. Bibliography on Pharmacognosy of Medicinal Plants; National Botanical Research Institute: Lucknow, 1985.
[9]
Chatterjee, A.; Satyesh, C.P. The Treatise on Indian Medicinal Plants; National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources: New Delhi, 1994.
[10]
Padmaa, M.P. Ficus racemosa Linn. An overview. Nat. Prod. Radiance, 2009, 8(1), 84-90.
[11]
Krishna, M.; Upendra, K.; Mayank, P.; Megha, S. Exploration of preliminary phytochemical studies of roots of Ficus racemosa. Marmara Pharm. J., 2011, 15, 80-83.
[12]
Nadkarnis, K.M. Nadkarnis, Indian Materia Medica; Popular Prakashan Pvt. Ltd.: Mumbai, 2011.
[13]
Amandeep, K.; Rana, A.C.; Vineeta, T.; Ramica, S.; Sunil, K. Ethanomedicinal and pharmacological properties of Ficus religiosa. J. Appl. Pharm. Sci., 2011, 1(8), 6-11.
[14]
Kiran, Y.K.; Mir, A.K.; Mushtaq, A.; Imran, H.; Paras, M.; Hina, F.; Barkat, A.; Ibtesaam, Z.K. Hypoglycemic potential of genus Ficus L.: A review of ten years of plant based medicine used to cure diabetes. J. Appl. Pharm. Sci., 2011, 1(6), 223-227.
[15]
Singh, D.; Singh, B.; Goel, R.K. Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Ficus religiosa: a review. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2011, 134(3), 565-583.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2011.01.046] [PMID: 21296646]
[16]
Vikas, V.P.; Vijay, R.P. Ficus bengalensis linn. An overview. Int. J. Pharm. Biosci., 2010, 1(2), PS73.
[17]
Maria, J.A.; María, A.; Paulina, B. Active antifungal substances from natural sources. ARKIVOC, 2007, 7, 116-145.
[18]
Baby, J.; Justin, S.R. Phytopharmacological and phytochemical properties of three Ficus species - An overview. Int. J. Pharm. Biosci., 2010, 1(4), 246-253.
[19]
Ravishankar, B.; Shukla, V.J. Indian systems of medicine: a brief profile. Afr. J. Tradit. Complement. Altern. Med., 2007, 4(3), 319-337.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ajtcam.v4i3.31226] [PMID: 20161896]
[20]
Balachandran, P.; Govindarajan, R. Cancer--an ayurvedic perspective. Pharmacol. Res., 2005, 51(1), 19-30.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2004.04.010] [PMID: 15519531]
[21]
Anshul, C.; Ramandeep, K.; Anil, K.S. Ficus carica Linn.: A review on its pharmacognostic, phytochemical and pharmacological aspects. Int. J. Pharm. Phytopharmacol. Res., 2012, 1(4), 215-232.
[22]
Kshirsagar, A.D.; Mohite, R.; Aggrawal, A.S.; Suralkar, U.R. Hepatoprotective medicinal plants of Ayurveda- A review. Asian J. Pharm. Clin. Res., 2011, 4(3)
[23]
Rangari, V.D. Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 1st ed; Carrier Publication: New Delhi, 2000.
[24]
Evan, W.C. Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy; Elsevier Publication: New Delhi, 2006.
[25]
Jean, B. Phytochemistry of Medicinal Plants, 2nd ed; Intercept Ltd.: New York, 1999.
[26]
Sharma, O.P.; Bhat, T.K. DPPH antioxidant assay revisited. Food Chem., 2009, 113, 1202.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.08.008]
[27]
Barros, L.; Ferreira, M.J.; Queiros, B.; Ferreira, I.; Baptista, P. Total phenols, ascorbic acid, b-carotene and lycopene in Portuguese wild edible mushrooms and their antioxidant activities. Food Chem., 2007, 103, 413.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.07.038]
[28]
Szabo, M.R.; Idtoiu, C.; Chambre, D.; Lupea, A.X. Improved DPPH determination for antioxidant activity spectrophotometric assay. Chem. Mat. Sci., 2007, 61(3), 214.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11696-007-0022-7]
[29]
Channabasavaraj, K.P.; Badami, S.; Bhojraj, S. Hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of methanol extract of Ficus glomerata. J. Nat. Med., 2008, 62(3), 379-383.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11418-008-0245-0] [PMID: 18431551]

Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2022 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy