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Current Radiopharmaceuticals


ISSN (Print): 1874-4710
ISSN (Online): 1874-4729

Review Article

Pre-feasibility Study for Establishing Radioisotope and Radiopharmaceutical Production Facilities in Developing Countries

Author(s): Efrain Araujo Perini *, Mikhail Skopchenko, Tran Thu Hong , Rahmat Harianto , Alexis Maître, Maidelys Rosa Rodríguez Rodríguez , Nathalia de Oliveira Santos , Yinglei Guo, Xiangyu Qin , Carlos A. Zeituni and Valeriia N. Starovoitova

Volume 12, Issue 3, 2019

Page: [187 - 200] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1874471012666190328164253

open access plus


Background: A significant number of developing countries have no facilities to produce medical radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals.

Objective: In this paper we show that access to life-saving radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals and the geographical distribution of corresponding infrastructure is highly unbalanced worldwide.

Methods: We discuss the main issues which need to be addressed in order to establish the production of radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals, which are especially important for developing countries as newcomers in the field. The data was gathered from several sources, including databases maintained by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), World Health Organization (WHO), and other international organizations; personal interactions with representatives in the nuclear medicine field from different regions of the world; and relevant literature.

Results: Developing radioisotope and radiopharmaceutical production program and installing corresponding infrastructure requires significant investments, both man-power and financial. Support already exists to help developing countries establish their medical radioisotope production installations from several organizations, such as IAEA.

Conclusion: This work clearly shows that access to life-saving radioisotopes and the geographical distribution of corresponding infrastructure is highly unbalanced. Technology transfer is important as it not only immediately benefits patients, but also provides employment, economic activity and general prosperity in the region to where the technology transfer is implemented.

Keywords: Radioisotope production, radiopharmaceuticals, developing countries, nuclear medicine, radioisotopes in medical applications, IAEA.

Graphical Abstract
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