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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

The Application of Microfluidic Techniques on Tissue Engineering in Orthopaedics

Author(s): Lingtian Wang, Dajun Jiang, Qiyang Wang, Qing Wang, Haoran Hu and Weitao Jia*

Volume 24 , Issue 45 , 2018

Page: [5397 - 5406] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666190301142833

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Tissue engineering (TE) is a promising solution for orthopaedic diseases such as bone or cartilage defects and bone metastasis. Cell culture in vitro and scaffold fabrication are two main parts of TE, but these two methods both have their own limitations. The static cell culture medium is unable to achieve multiple cell incubation or offer an optimal microenvironment for cells, while regularly arranged structures are unavailable in traditional cell-laden scaffolds, which results in low biocompatibility. To solve these problems, microfluidic techniques are combined with TE. By providing 3-D networks and interstitial fluid flows, microfluidic platforms manage to maintain phenotype and viability of osteocytic or chondrocytic cells, and the precise manipulation of liquid, gel and air flows in microfluidic devices leads to the highly organized construction of scaffolds.

Methods: In this review, we focus on the recent advances of microfluidic techniques applied in the field of tissue engineering, especially in orthropaedics. An extensive literature search was done using PubMed. The introduction describes the properties of microfluidics and how it exploits the advantages to the full in the aspects of TE. Then we discuss the application of microfluidics on the cultivation of osteocytic cells and chondrocytes, and other extended researches carried out on this platform. The following section focuses on the fabrication of highly organized scaffolds and other biomaterials produced by microfluidic devices. Finally, the incubation and studying of bone metastasis models in microfluidic platforms are discussed.

Conclusion: The combination of microfluidics and tissue engineering shows great potentials in the osteocytic cell culture and scaffold fabrication. Though there are several problems that still require further exploration, the future of microfluidics in TE is promising.

Keywords: Microfluidics, tissue engineering, dynamic culture, scaffold, bone metastasis, orthopaedic diseases.

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