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Current Cardiology Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557

Case Report

Extensively Thrombosed Ectatic Circumflex Coronary Artery Fistula Presenting as Acute Coronary Syndrome

Author(s): Nooraldaem Yousif, Mohammady Shahin, Robert Manka and Slayman Obeid*

Volume 15 , Issue 4 , 2019

Page: [316 - 319] Pages: 4

DOI: 10.2174/1573403X15666181206120138

Price: $65


Background: Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is an abnormal communication between the termination of a coronary artery or its branches and a cardiac chamber, a great vessel or other vascular structure. Symptomatic patients with large CAF should undergo surgical or percutanous closure of the fistula at the drainage site while still the debate on closing asymptomatic CAF and reopening symptomatic occluded CAF is ongoing.

Case Summary: We are reporting a 30-year-old male patient with no previous medical history presented as non-ST segment elevation myocardial Infarction. Coronary angiography showed an entirely thrombosed ectatic circumflex artery with a suspicion of thrombosed coronary arterial fistula. In view of the ongoing ischemia in the setting of acute coronary syndrome; we tried to open percutaneously but all efforts were to no avail.

Discussion: In this case report, we are sharing our experience in the management of this challenging case in view of the rarity of such peculiar clinical condition and the unfavourable presentation along with the lack of clear-cut Guideline and Consensus whether to/not to open such huge and immensely thrombosed symptomatic coronary artery fistula as well as the dilemma of choosing the best long-term medical treatment between antiplatelets vs anticoagulants in such young patient.

Keywords: NSTEMI, thrombosis, coronary arterial fistula, antiplatelet, anticoagulation, case report.

Graphical Abstract
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