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Current Cardiology Reviews


ISSN (Print): 1573-403X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6557

Review Article

Gender Differences in Atrial Fibrillation: A Review of Epidemiology, Management, and Outcomes

Author(s): Stacy Westerman* and Nanette Wenger

Volume 15, Issue 2, 2019

Page: [136 - 144] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/1573403X15666181205110624


Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia. The scope and impact of atrial fibrillation are wide; it can affect cardiac function, functional status, and quality of life, and it confers a stroke risk. There are sex differences in atrial fibrillation across the scope of the disease process, from epidemiology and causative mechanisms to management and outcomes. The approach to management of atrial fibrillation differs between women and men, and there are sex differences in response to medical therapy and catheter ablation. There are many gaps in our knowledge of the gender differences in atrial fibrillation, and many opportunities for future research.

Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, gender differences, antiarrhythmic drugs, catheter ablation, stroke, future research.

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