Introduction: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-medicated inflammatory condition that affects 2-3% of the population, which can lead to psoriatic arthritis. There are multiple regimens for the treatment of psoriasis including disease- modifying anti rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) and biologic agent, phototherapy and apremilast. While monotherapy with biologic agents is effective for many patients with psoriasis some patients are not satisfied by the outcome and require combination therapy. No data exist on the safety of apremilast as a component of combination therapy with biological therapies.
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the safety of apremilast in combination of biologic therapies in the treatment of plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
Methods: This was retrospective study, open label study carried out at a single community Rheumatology center. Twenty-two patients diagnosed with plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis according to American college of Rheumatology criteria-participated. Apremilast was added to their current biologic agent. Patients were permitted to their current biologic treatment.
Results: Out of 22 patients, six patients developed side effects, none of which caused discontinuation of therapy. Out of the six patients who developed side effects, two patients developed nausea and two patients developed diarrhea. One patient developed weight loss and one patient developed abdominal pain.
Conclusion: Apremilast can be safely combined with all biologic agents in patients with plaque psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis not responding adequately to biologics alone.
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