Review Article

Snake Venom Disintegrins: An Overview of their Interaction with Integrins

Author(s): Pedro Henrique Souza Cesar, Mariana Aparecida Braga, Marcus Vinicius Cardoso Trento, Danilo Luccas Menaldo and Silvana Marcussi*

Volume 20 , Issue 4 , 2019

Page: [465 - 477] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/1389450119666181022154737

Price: $65


Disintegrins are non-enzymatic proteins that interfere on cell–cell interactions and signal transduction, contributing to the toxicity of snake venoms and play an essential role in envenomations. Most of their pharmacological and toxic effects are the result of the interaction of these molecules with cell surface ligands, which has been widely described and studied. These proteins may act on platelets, leading to hemorrhage, and may also induce apoptosis and cytotoxicity, which highlights a high pharmacological potential for the development of thrombolytic and antitumor agents. Additionally, these molecules interfere with the functions of integrins by altering various cellular processes such as migration, adhesion and proliferation. This review gathers information on functional characteristics of disintegrins isolated from snake venoms, emphasizing a comprehensive view of the possibility of direct use of these molecules in the development of new drugs, or even indirectly as structural models.

Keywords: Disintegrins, hemostasis, antitumor, cell specificity, integrins, pharmacological applications.

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