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Current Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Current Advances in Antifungal Targets and Drug Development

Author(s): Sandeep Sundriyal, Rohit K. Sharma and Rahul Jain

Volume 13 , Issue 11 , 2006

Page: [1321 - 1335] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/092986706776873023

Price: $65

Abstract

Fungi are one of the most neglected pathogens apparent from the fact that the Amphotericin B, a polyene antibiotic, discovered way back in 1956 is still used as a gold standard for antifungal therapy. Past two decades have witnessed a dramatic rise in the incidences of life threatening systemic fungal infections. This can be ascribed to the increase in the number of immuno-compromised patients due to rise in HIV infected population, cancer chemotherapy and indiscriminate use of antibiotics. Majority of clinically used antifungals suffer from various drawbacks in terms of toxicity, efficacy and cost, and their frequent use has led to the emergence of resistant strains. Hence, there is a great demand for novel antifungals belonging to wide range of structural classes, selectively acting on novel targets with fewer side effects. This article aims at reviewing recent efforts made towards discovering novel antifungal drug targets and investigational molecules acting on them.

Keywords: Antifungal targets, Fungal cell wall, Protein and amino acid synthesis, Sphingolipid synthesis, Calcineurin, Electron transport chain, DNA topoisomerases, Cell membrane H+-ATPase


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