Research Article

Serum miR-21 and miR-26a Levels Negatively Correlate with Severity of Cirrhosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B

Author(s): Shili Jiang*, Wei Jiang, Ying Xu, Xiaoning Wang, Yongping Mu and Ping Liu

Volume 8 , Issue 1 , 2019

Page: [86 - 92] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/2211536607666180821162850

Price: $65


Background and Objective: Accurately evaluating the severity of liver cirrhosis is essential for clinical decision making and disease management. This study aimed to evaluate the value of circulating levels of microRNA (miR)-26a and miR-21 as novel noninvasive biomarkers in detecting severity of cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B.

Methods: Thirty patients with clinically diagnosed chronic hepatitis B-related cirrhosis and 30 healthy individuals were selected. The serum levels of miR-26a and miR-21 were quantified by qRT-PCR. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the miRNAs for detecting the severity of cirrhosis.

Results: Serum miR-26a and miR-21 levels were found to be significantly downregulated in patients with severe cirrhosis scored at Child-Pugh class C in comparison to healthy controls (miR-26a p<0.01, and miR-21 p<0.001, respectively). The circulating miR-26a and miR-21 levels in patients were positively correlated with serum albumin concentration but negatively correlated with serum total bilirubin concentration and prothrombin time. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that both serum miR-26a and miR-21 levels were associated with a high diagnostic accuracy for patients with cirrhosis scored at Child-Pugh class C (miR-26a Cut-off fold change at ≤0.4, Sensitivity: 84.62%, Specificity: 89.36%, P<0.0001; miR-21 Cut-off fold change at ≤0.6, Sensitivity: 84.62%, Specificity: 78.72%, P<0.0001).

Conclusion: Our results indicate that the circulating levels of miR-26a and miR-21 are closely related to the extent of liver decompensation, and the decreased levels are capable of discriminating patients with cirrhosis at Child-Pugh class C from the whole cirrhosis cases.

Keywords: Child-Pugh score, chronic hepatitis B, cirrhosis, liver, microRNAs, noninvasive biomarker.

Graphical Abstract
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