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Current Bioactive Compounds

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ISSN (Print): 1573-4072
ISSN (Online): 1875-6646

General Research Article

Nano-Curcumin Regulates p53 Phosphorylation and PAI-1 Expression during Bleomycin Induced Injury in Alveolar Basal Epithelial Cells

Author(s): Mahesh M. Gouda, Ashwini Prabhu, Varsha Reddy S.V., Rafa Jahan and Yashodhar P. Bhandary*

Volume 16 , Issue 1 , 2020

Page: [85 - 89] Pages: 5

DOI: 10.2174/1573407214666180727093612

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Bleomycin (BLM) is known to cause DNA damage in the Alveolar Epithelial Cells (AECs). It is reported that BLM is involved in the up-regulation of inflammatory molecules such as neutrophils, macrophages, chemokines and cytokines. The complex underlying mechanism for inflammation mediated progression of lung injury is still unclear. This investigation was designed to understand the molecular mechanisms associated with p53 mediated modulation of Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-I (PAI-I) expression and its regulation by nano-curcumin formulation.

Methods: A549 cells were treated with BLM to cause the cellular damage in vitro and commercially available nano-curcumin formulation was used as an intervention. Cytotoxic effect of nano-curcumin was analyzed using Methyl Thiazolyl Tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Protein expressions were analyzed using western blot to evaluate the p53 mediated changes in PAI-I expression.

Results: Nano-curcumin showed cytotoxicity up to 88.5 % at a concentration of 20 μg/ml after 48 h of treatment. BLM exposure to the cells activated the phosphorylation of p53, which in turn increased PAII expression. Nano-curcumin treatment showed a protective role against phosphorylation of p53 and PAI-I expression, which in turn regulated the fibro-proliferative phase of injury induced by bleomycin.

Conclusion: Nano-curcumin could be used as an effective intervention to regulate the severity of lung injury, apoptosis of AECs and fibro-proliferation during pulmonary injury.

Keywords: Lung injury, bleomycin, nano-curcumin, P-p53, PAI-1, Alveolar Epithelial Cells (AECs).

Graphical Abstract
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