Objective: To investigate the changes of serum Uric Acid (sUA), lipids and Cystatin C (CysC) in primary gout patients, and to explore the clinical significance in gout patients.
Methods: sUA, CysC, high-sensitivity C-reactive Protein (hsCRP) and other biochemical parameters were measured in 326 gout patient and 210 healthy control subjects, blood cell counts were also detected. Clinical data were collected from gout patients.
Results: sUA, CysC, hsCRP, Body Mass Index (BMI), White Blood Cell (WBC) counts, neutrophil Granulocyte (GR), Monocyte (Mo), Triglycerides (TG), plasma Total Cholesterol (TC), Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL), apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100), Blood Glucose (GLU), serum Creatinine (sCr) and Urea Nitrogen (BUN) were significantly increased in gout patients compared with HC subjects (P<0.01, respectively), while lymphocyte counts and High Density Lipoprotein- Cholesterol (HDL-C) were significantly decreased in gout patients compared with HC subjects (P<0.01, respectively). Positive correlations were observed between concentration of sUA and age, TG, VLDL, sCr and CysC (P<0.05, respectively). While negative correlations were observed between the concentration of sUA and HDL-C(P<0.01). Besides, Positive correlations were observed between concentration of CysC and WBC, GR, Mo, apoA1, GLU, sCr, BUN, sUA, hsCRP (P<0.05, respectively). While negative correlations were observed between the concentration of CysC and TC, LDL-C(P<0.01, respectively).
Conclusions: Blood lipid profile changes in gout patients. Gout patients who suffer from lipid metabolism disorder and vascular diseases might be associated with hyperuricemia, which leads to endothelial cell damage and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. CysC might be a marker for renal function damage and inflammation. Hyperuricemia is the risk factor of renal disorder in gout patients.
Keywords: Gout, primary, uric acid, cystatin C, lipids, arthritis patients.