Generic placeholder image

Current Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Recent Developments on the Role of Mitochondria in Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibition

Author(s): L. K. Klaidman, J. Yang, M. L. Chang and J. D. Adams Jr.

Volume 10 , Issue 24 , 2003

Page: [2669 - 2678] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/0929867033456323

Price: $65

Abstract

Numerous pathophysiological disorders involve some element of oxidative stress and bioenergetic deficit. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) inhibitors have been used recently as a promising new therapeutic strategy aimed at halting the bioenergetic decline associated with oxidative brain insults and other conditions. PARP-1 uses NAD+ as a substrate and is activated during stressful circumstances, mainly in the nucleus. PARP-1 inhibitors are well known for blocking the excessive consumption of NAD+, thereby preserving energy metabolism. But what is the role of mitochondria in this process? Recent investigations have begun to focus on whether mitochondrial function can also be preserved by PARP-1 inhibitors. This review will present some of the latest mechanistic evidence documenting the potential involvement of PARP-1 inhibitors in protecting mitochondrial function and preventing necrosis, apoptosis and mitochondrial calcium cycling.

Keywords: nicotinamide, poly(adp-ribose) polymerase, mitochondria


Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2022 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy