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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5206
ISSN (Online): 1875-5992

Research Article

Synthesis and Anticancer Properties of Novel Truncated Carbocyclic Nucleoside Analogues

Author(s): Balija Sivakrishna, Sehbanul Islam, Amarendra Panda, Maddi Saranya, Manas K. Santra* and Shantanu Pal*

Volume 18, Issue 10, 2018

Page: [1425 - 1431] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1871520618666180322120533

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Modified nucleosides established a prime role as therapeutic drugs.

Objective: Design and synthesis of novel truncated carbocyclic nucleoside with modified nucleobases and evaluation of their anticancer properties.

Methods: Novel truncated carbocyclic nucleoside analogues were synthesized from a versatile starting material D-ribose. The synthetic route includes stereoselective Grignard reaction, Wittig olefination, ring closing metathesis, double bond hydrogenation and Mitsunobu nucleobase condensation as the key steps. Cytotoxicity was measured using MTT assay in breast cancer cell lines (MCF7 and MDA-MB-231), ovarian cancer cell lines (IGROV1 and OVCAR8).

Result & Conclusion: The synthesized compounds were characterized using spectroscopy techniques. The synthesized compounds induced cytotoxicity in breast cancer cell lines (MCF7 and MDA-MB-231), ovarian cancer cell lines (IGROV1 and OVCAR8) while minimal effect on primary cell line. Among the eight analogues, 1b and 1d showed the highest cytotoxicity effect and induced autophagy mode of cell death. These compounds induced autophagy by inactivating AKT and mTOR pathway. In addition, PARP1 was found to be stabilized upon treatment with compound 1b and 1d and is one of the known markers associated with induction of autophagy through the AMPK/mTOR pathway after DNA damage. Taken together, these results suggest that compounds 1b and 1d inhibit cancer cell proliferation through mTOR inactivation-mediated induction of autophagy.

Keywords: Truncated, carbocyclic nucleosides, anticancer, autophagy, D-ribose, cytotoxicity.

Graphical Abstract

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