Generic placeholder image

Current Psychopharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2211-5560
ISSN (Online): 2211-5579

Review Article

Management of Adverse Effects of Sleep Medications in Pediatrics

Author(s): Neelkamal Soares* and Shibani Kanungo

Volume 7 , Issue 1 , 2018

Page: [36 - 48] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/2211556007666180131153440

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: There are no published guidelines for the pharmacological management of insomnia in the pediatric population, and there are no Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved medications for this purpose. Yet, many classes of psychopharmacological medications are used off-label in children and adolescents.

Objective: To describe the side effects of different classes of medications used as sleep aids in the pediatric population, and management of those side effects.

Method: Literature review and summary of existing evidence.

Results: Several medications used as pediatric sleep aids have side effects that range from inconvenient constitutional symptoms, major systemic cardiac, endocrinological and neurological symptoms to potentially fatal syndromes.

Conclusion: Clinicians need to be vigilant for adverse effects of these medications and to implement strategies to mitigate some of the effects, while educating patients and families about the pros and cons of medication use for insomnia.

Keywords: Insomnia, children and adolescents, psychopharmacology, side effects, medications, endocrinological and neurological symptoms.

Graphical Abstract

Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2022 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy