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Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders-Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-529X
ISSN (Online): 2212-4063

Research Article

Previous use of Statins and Atrial Electrical Remodeling in Patients with Cryptogenic Stroke

Author(s): Maurizio Acampa*, Pietro Enea Lazzerini, Francesca Guideri, Rossana Tassi, Andrea Lo Monaco and Giuseppe Martini

Volume 17, Issue 3, 2017

Page: [212 - 215] Pages: 4

DOI: 10.2174/1871529X18666180111115646

Price: $65


Background: In the general population the leading cause of cardioembolic stroke is atrial fibrillation (AF). A silent AF is also the possible cause of many cryptogenic strokes. P wave dispersion (PWD), a predictor of AF, has been proposed as a marker of silent AF occurrence in these strokes. PWD correlates with high-sensitive C-reactive protein levels reflecting the role of inflammation in promoting a slowed and inhomogeneous atrial conduction. Statins have a multitude of additional effects beyond lipid lowering, in particular anti-inflammatory effects that may influence atrial conduction.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of previous statin use on PWD in patients with cryptogenic stroke, in order to highlight a possible role for statins in preventing atrial conduction alterations that predispose to AF.

Method: We enrolled 131 patients (67 males, 64 females; mean age 69±13 years) with cryptogenic stroke. All patients underwent neuroimaging examination, arterial ultrasound examination, echocardiography and ECG. PWD was measured in all subjects.

Results: Patients previously treated with statins (n: 34) had lower PWD and P index values in comparison with no-statin group (41.7±12.2 vs 48.7±15.2 ms, p=0.01, and 14.2±3.7 vs 16.5±5.3 ms, p=0.02, respectively).

Conclusions: Our results show lower PWD values in cryptogenic stroke patients previously treated with statins. These findings provide support to the hypothesis that statins may play a role in modulating atrial electrophysiological and structural properties, preventing the occurrence of a slowed and heterogeneous atrial conduction and finally, reducing the occurrence of AF.

Keywords: Ischemic stroke, cryptogenic stroke, statins, atrial fibrillation, P wave dispersion, ECG, inflammation.

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