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Current Organic Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1385-2728
ISSN (Online): 1875-5348

Review Article

An Overview of the Applications of Ionic Liquids as Catalysts and Additives in Organic Chemical Reactions

Author(s): Zita Radai, Nora Zsuzsa Kiss* and Gyorgy Keglevich*

Volume 22 , Issue 6 , 2018

Page: [533 - 556] Pages: 24

DOI: 10.2174/1385272822666171227152013


In the last two decades, considerable attention was devoted to the use of ionic liquids (ILs) in organic syntheses. Initially, they were applied as solvents, often playing the role of the catalyst as well. Nowadays, there is a growing trend to apply the ILs as cosolvents, additives, or catalysts in organic reactions. The spread of ILs justified several reviews on reactions carried out in the presence of different ILs. However, there is no sharp line between the cases, when the IL is used as a solvent, or only as a catalyst. This review aims at summarizing the examples of organic syntheses promoted by a catalytic amount of an IL, and highlighting the typical IL-catalyzed reactions.

Keywords: Ionic liquid, additive, catalyst, syntheses, green chemistry, co-solvents.

Graphical Abstract

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