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Current Bioinformatics

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1574-8936
ISSN (Online): 2212-392X

General Research Article

Inference of Transcriptional Regulation from Expression Data Using Model Integration

Author(s): Long Wang, Jing Guo, Ji-Wei Chang, Muhammad Tahir ul Qamar and Ling-Ling Chen*

Volume 13 , Issue 4 , 2018

Page: [426 - 434] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/1574893612666171006162012

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Abstract

Background: Rapid accumulation of genomic and transcriptomic data initiates the development of computational methods to identify the regulation of transcriptional factors (TF) and genes. However, available methods display high false-positive rate and unstable performance across different networks due to their preferences for interactions with certain features. Model integration can reduce the biases of these methods and improve the specificity, especially for the pairwise methods whose correlations are very low.

Objective: Different integration methods were compared in this analysis, and the best integration method will be identified.

Method: We applied integration of 14 different models categorized into five major groups, i.e. regression, mutual information, correlation, Bayesian and others, to predict the simulated regulation networks extracted from Escherichia coli at two different scales.

Results: We have found that support vector regression (SVR) method achieved the highest precision. While one another method Cubist, was less precise than SVR but much more efficient especially in time cost. This conclusion was also confirmed by simulated expression data from in silico Saccharomyces cerevisiae network at three different scales and the real expression data from the sub-network of SOS DNA repair system. We applied SVR to construct the network orchestrating cell envelope stress in B. licheniformis, and found that the predicted network was consistent with the results of previous studies.

Conclusion: This study conducted and compared different integration methods, and found that SVR can better meet the demand of higher precision followed by Cubist. The integration can provide more clear insights into the transcriptional architecture.

Keywords: Transcriptional regulation, integration, support vector regression, cubist, cell envelope stress, Bacillus licheniformis.

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