Generic placeholder image

Current Organic Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1385-2728
ISSN (Online): 1875-5348

Indium Salt-Promoted Organic Reactions

Author(s): Francesco Fringuelli, Oriana Piermatti, Ferdinando Pizzo and Luigi Vaccaro

Volume 7, Issue 16, 2003

Page: [1661 - 1689] Pages: 29

DOI: 10.2174/1385272033486251

Price: $65


The use of indium salts as catalysts and mediators in addition, cyclization, aromatic electrophilic substitution, nucleophilic substitution, coupling, reduction, rearrangement and polymerization reactions that have appeared in papers published between 2000 and the first half of 2002 is reviewed. InCl3, InBr3, InI3, InCl, InBr, InI, In(OTf)3, and In(NTf)3 are most commonly used indium salts depending on the reaction type and reaction conditions. The use of indium salts, generally, allows the reaction to be carried out under mild conditions, with high yield and high selectivity. Sometimes, an aqueous medium can be used and the catalyst can be reused.

Keywords: organic reactions, indium salts, electrophilic substitution, nucleophilic substitution, polymerization reactions

Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2023 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy