Background: The development and introduction of combined therapy represent a challenge for analysis due to severe overlapping of their UV spectra in case of spectroscopy or the requirement of a long tedious and high cost separation technique in case of chromatography. Quality control laboratories have to develop and validate suitable analytical procedures in order to assay such multi component preparations.
Methods: New spectrophotometric methods for the simultaneous determination of simvastatin (SIM) and nicotinic acid (NIA) in binary combinations were developed. These methods are based on chemometric treatment of data, the applied chemometric techniques are multivariate methods including classical least squares (CLS), principal component regression (PCR) and partial least squares (PLS). In these techniques, the concentration data matrix were prepared by using the synthetic mixtures containing SIM and NIA dissolved in ethanol. The absorbance data matrix corresponding to the concentration data matrix was obtained by measuring the absorbance at 12 wavelengths in the range 216 – 240 nm at 2 nm intervals in the zero-order. The spectrophotometric procedures do not require any separation step. The accuracy, precision and the linearity ranges of the methods have been determined and validated by analyzing synthetic mixtures containing the studied drugs.
Conclusion: Chemometric spectrophotometric methods have been developed in the present study for the simultaneous determination of simvastatin and nicotinic acid in their synthetic binary mixtures and in their mixtures with possible excipients present in tablet dosage form. The validation was performed successfully. The developed methods have been shown to be accurate, linear, precise, and so simple. The developed methods can be used routinely for the determination dosage form.