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Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering (Discontinued)


ISSN (Print): 2213-3852
ISSN (Online): 2213-3860

Research Article

Bigger Influence by Smaller Particles in Tactile-Visual Cross-Modal Roughness Perception of Fine Surface

Author(s): Mohd Usairy Syafiq, Jiajia Yang*, Yinghua Yu and Jinglong Wu

Volume 5 , Issue 2 , 2017

Page: [134 - 141] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/2213385205666170801151630

Price: $65


Background: Cognition of surface roughness at the same time by the two senses (tactile and visual) is still undeclared, and how both effects on each other could be intriguing. The main factor for roughness estimation of fine surface (spatial features below 200 µm) is also unknown until present.

Objective: In order to see the difference between cognition of both condition, we conducted two unimodal and two bimodal tasks involving both modalities using fine sandpapers. Tactile stimuli consisted of six types of different sandpapers that varied in their roughness, while visual stimuli are images of the correspondence tactile stimuli

Methods: In unimodal task, subjects need to compare which stimulus perceived were rougher, visually and tactually, while multiple sensory of visual and tactile were mixed in bimodal task. We also varied the type of roughness in bimodal task into two categories to discover whether there is any acceleration or suppression by different stimuli.

Results: We found that tactile sensory was dominant in the perception of roughness by fine surface. During cross modalities, visual information has almost no effects toward tactile sensory, but in the other hand tactile information had significance effects onto visual sensory. Furthermore, we found that stimuli with smaller particles bring more interference into subject's perception compared to bigger particles in fine surface.

Conclusion: We suggest that particles sizes are as significant as the modalities in visual, tactile, or multisensory integration of both, in roughness perception of fine surface.

Keywords: Visuotactile, crossmodal, roughness, texture perception, fine surface texture, tactile-visual.

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