Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality in the west. The high incidence and mortality make effective prevention an important public-health and economic issue. The regular intake of aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been associated with decreased incidence of certain types of cancer particularly those with an inflammatory component, and then are among the few agents known to be chemopreventive. Nitric oxide-releasing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NO-NSAIDs) are new chemical entities obtained by adding a nitric oxide-releasing moiety to classical molecules. This new class of molecules has been demonstrated to be much more safe than NSAIDs due to their ability to reduce gastric toxicity. They could therefore represent an alternative to classical NSAIDs treatment. In this review, we sumarise the recent findings in the mechanisms and pathways involved in the antitumoral effects of both NSAIDs and NO-NSAIDs as well as the clinical trials performed with these compounds.
Keywords: nitric oxide-releasing non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-tumoral molecules, colorectal cancer, cancer-related mortality, nsaids, no-nsaids, nitric oxide-releasing moiety