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Current Drug Discovery Technologies

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1570-1638
ISSN (Online): 1875-6220

Can EGFR-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKI) Alone Without Talc Pleurodesis Prevent Recurrence of Malignant Pleural Effusion (MPE) in Lung Adenocarcinoma

Author(s): Akash Verma, Akhil Chopra, Yeo W. Lee, Lavina D. Bharwani, Atasha B. Asmat, Dokeu B.A Aneez, Fazuludeen A. Akbar, Albert Y.H. Lim, Sanjay H. Chotirmall and John Abisheganaden

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2016

Page: [68 - 76] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/1570163813666160524142846

open access plus

Abstract

Background and objective: Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are effective against lung adenocarcinoma. However, limited data is available assessing the effectiveness of EGFR-TKI use in preventing re-accumulation of MPE. To our knowledge, there is no literature on comparison of talc pleurodesis with EGFR-TKIs alone on re-accumulation of MPE in Asian population. We investigated if EGFR-TKI therapy for advanced lung adenocarcinoma with malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is also successful in preventing pleural fluid re-accumulation following initial drainage.

Methods: An observational cohort study of patients with lung adenocarcinoma and MPE in the year 2012 was conducted.

Results: 70 patients presented with MPE from lung adenocarcinoma. Fifty six underwent EGFR mutation testing of which 39 (69.6%) had activating EGFR mutation and 34 (87.1%) received TKI. 20 were managed by pleural fluid drainage only whereas 14 underwent talc pleurodesis following pleural fluid drainage. Time taken for the pleural effusion to re-accumulate in those with and without pleurodesis was 9.9 vs. 11.7 months, p=0.59 respectively. More patients (n=10, 25.6%) with activating EGFR mutation presented with complete opacification (white-out) of the hemithorax compared to none without activating EGFR mutation (p=0.02).

Conclusion: In TKI eligible patients, early talc pleurodesis may not confer additional benefit in preventing re-accumulation of pleural effusion and may be reserved for non-adenocarcinoma histology, or EGFR negative adenocarcinoma. Complete opacification of the hemithorax on presentation may serve as an early radiographic signal of positive EGFR mutation status.

Keywords: Lung cancer, adenocarcinoma, pleural effusion, pleurodesis, epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors.


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